Solving Non-Communicable Disease in the Urban Slum
The 2014 Hult Prize "President's Challenge" will be Healthcare: Non-communicable Disease in the Urban Slum, as selected by President Bill Clinton at this year's Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) Annual Meeting in New York. The challenge specifically asks teams to build sustainable and scalable social enterprises to address non-communicable disease in slums. Key highlights associated with this year's healthcare challenge:
- Almost 100 million people fall into poverty every single year because of medical payments
- 63 percent of deaths worldwide are due to non-communicable disease (NCD), and 80 percent of these deaths occur in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC)
- Far more people are killed every year by cancer than by diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis combined (7.6 million vs. 4.5 million)
- 80 percent of premature death due to stroke, diabetes, and heart disease can be entirely prevented
- Non-communicable (or chronic) diseases cost the world well over 50 percent of total healthcare costs and continues to cost more as countries develop (75 percent of total healthcare costs in the United States pay for non-communicable disease)
- Drugs in developing countries are 2.7 times more expensive in the public sector and 6.3 times more expensive in the private sector than they are in the developed world
- One billion people worldwide live in slums (almost 14% of the population)
- Approximately 180,000 people move to urban areas every day; slum infrastructure is unable to handle the influx
- LMIC economies will lose USD 21.3 Trillion because of NCD in the next 20 years
- The UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care…”
This case study is your guiding document to constructing your social enterprise. It has been written exclusively for this year's Hult Prize, and takes a deep dive into healthcare at the urban slum level. Authored by Dr. Hitendra Patel in close collaboration with President Bill Clinton and his team, the Clinton Global Initiative along with private and public sector executives involved in the issue, the 2014 Challenge examines current business models, takes a walk through shoes of the beneficiary and provides commentary from President Clinton on where potential solutions lie.
The "2014 President's Challenge" document is available for download here
2014 Timeline outlines key dates for this year's Hult Prize.